|Family||Scientific Name||Author||Year||Common Name|
|Leuciscidae||Lythrurus matutinus||(Cope)||1870||Pinewoods Shiner|
Unique Characters: Very small scales on nape; dorsal fin origin behind pelvic fin origin. Dark blotch at dorsal fin origin. Fairly slender body. Breeding male has bright, blood- red head and eye, no red on paired fins, and a silvery body. Females with tubercle development on dorsum of head equal to that of males. Found only in Tar and Neuse basins where Rosefin Shiner is absent.
Rosefin Shiner Lythrurus ardens. Fairly deep, compressed body. Breeding male has faint red fins and top of head, faint blue-gray bars on back. Native to the Roanoke basin, but introduced into the Cape Fear and Yadkin basins; not sympatric with Pinewoods Shiner.