Sunfishes (Family Centrarchidae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team There are 23 species of sunfishes in North Carolina (Table 1), including one undescribed species, “Bartram’s” Bass and one species, Redeye Bass, found in only the Hiwassee River basin (Tracy et al. 2020). You might have heard people calling them Stumpknocker, Bream, Goggleye, Robin, Perch, Shellcracker, Bronzeback, Kentucky Bass, Welshman, Tinmouth, … Read more

Freshwater Catfish (Family Ictaluridae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team There are 18 species of catfishes in North Carolina including 3 undescribed species (Table 1) (Tracy et al. 2020). You might have heard people calling them Bullheads, Mud Cats, Butter Balls, Blue Channel Cats, Madtoms, Squealers, or many more colorful colloquial names. But each species has its own scientific (Latin) name, … Read more

Identifying Suckers May Not Be as Hard as You Might Think

By the NCFishes.com Team The correct identification of suckers (Family Catostomidae) may be intimidating to those students or citizens just beginning to study our extremely diverse and colorful freshwater fish fauna. With some practice and with a keen eye to details, one can master this skill, although it might take a while and require handling … Read more

Identification of North Carolina Freshwater Fishes

The first general description of North Carolina’s fish fauna was written by Thomas Ash in 1682. Our first state-specific checklist was provided by John Lawson in 1709 which was received in such high regard that it was later plagiarized extensively by John Brickell in 1737. Since becoming an official state of the Union in 1789, … Read more

Mystery of the Longear Sunfish’s Occurrence in North Carolina Solved

Longear Sunfish Lepomis megalotis was first reported from North Carolina by Edward Drinker Cope in 1870, but its whereabouts in the state had been a mystery for almost 150 years. Published literature perpetuated the occurrence of Longear Sunfish and eventually in 1986, its extirpation. Vouchered specimens from Cope’s 1869 survey and 1870 publication are not … Read more