|Family||Scientific Name||Author||Year||Common Name|
|Myctophidae||Ceratoscopelus sp.||Günther||1864||Unspecified Lanternfish|
Unique Characters: Three or more precaudal (1 may be at or above lateral midline at base of caudal peduncle). Dorsonasal absent. Supra- and infracaudal glands overlapping scale-like plates, never bordered by jet-black pigment. Neither 2 horizontal Pol near lateral line or VO1-3 on a straight ascending line with VO4-5 level. Supra- and infracaudal glands overlapping scale-like plates, never bordered by jet-black pigment. Luminous tissue over base of anal or dorsal fins and on other portions of body. Four (3+1) precaudal. Eye without whitish crescent. No luminous tissue above eyes. PO4 not elevated; VO only slightly arched. Medial luminous tissue present at bases of pelvic fins or between pelvic fins and anal-fin origin. Pectoral fins moderate, not reaching adipose fin.
Species in the Genus Ceratoscopelus:
Ceratoscopelus maderensis (Lowe, 1839), Horned Lanternfish
Ceratoscopelus warmingii (Lütken, 1892), Warming’s Lanternfish
Diagnosis: dorsal finrays 13 (12, rarely 14); anal finrays 14 (13-15); pectoral finrays 13 (12-14). Gillrakers 6 (7, rarely 5) + 1 + 13 (12-14, rarely 15), total 20 (19-21, rarely 18 or 22). AO 6 (5-7) + 4 (3), total 10 (9-11). Size: to 117 mm.
Similar Species: None.
Craddock, J.E. and K.E. Hartel. 2002. Myctophidae. Lanternfishes. Pp 944-951. In The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Volume 2: Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae). K.E. Carpenter (ed.). FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes and American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 5. Rome, Italy. pp. 601-1374.
Marine Species Identification Portal. Accessed at: http://species-identification.org/index.php.