|Family||Scientific Name||Author||Year||Common Name|
|Gobiidae||Coryphopterus punctipectophorus||Springer||1960||Spotted Goby|
Unique Characters: Lower pectoral-fin base with a distinct dark spot. Dorsal fins banded. Caudal fin spotted. A series of dark blotches on sides. Several dark-margined lines extend from snout through eyes to below first dorsal fin. Pelvic fins united by a shallow membrane.
Similar Species: Bridled Goby Coryphopterus glaucofrenum. Body nearly transparent; prominent black spot above opercle. Barbell-shaped mark at base of caudal fin. A white stripe or “bridle” from upper jaw to preopercle. Pelvic fins completely united to form a round sucking disc. Dorsal fins separated. Body stout. No chevron markings on sides. Upper pectoral-fin rays broadly united. Tongue sometimes slightly indented but not notched. No lobes on shoulder girdle. Lateral scales, if present, usually < 57. Body mostly covered with scales. Dorsal fin with usually < seven spines. Pores present in lateral line system on head. Lateral scale rows usually 25-26. Body completely covered with scales. Dorsal fins close together. Opercle naked. Caudal fin rounded or truncate. Usually < 28 lateral scale rows.
Reference: Ross, S.W., and F.C. Rohde. 2004. The gobioid fishes of North Carolina (Pisces: Gobioidei). Bulletin of Marine Science 74:287-323.