|Family||Scientific Name||Author||Year||Common Name|
|Myctophidae||Lepidophanes sp.||Fraser-Brunner||1949||Unspecified Lanternfish|
Unique Characters: Three or more precaudal (1 may be at or above lateral midline at base of caudal peduncle). Dorsonasal absent. Supra- and infracaudal glands overlapping scale-like plates, never bordered by jet-black pigment. Neither 2 horizontal Pol near lateral line or VO1-3 on a straight ascending line with VO4-5 level. Supra- and infracaudal glands overlapping scale-like plates, never bordered by jet-black pigment. Luminous tissue over base of anal or dorsal fins and on other portions of body. Four (3+1) precaudal. Eye without whitish crescent. No luminous tissue above eyes. PO4 elevated; VO2 elevated. No medial luminous tissue either at bases of pelvic fins or between pelvic fins and anal-fin origin. Pectoral fin long, reaching adipose origin.
Species in the Genus Lepidophanes:
Lepidophanes gaussi (Brauer, 1906), (No Common Name) Lanternfish
Diagnosis: dorsal finrays 14 (13, rarely 12 or 15); anal finrays 14 (13-15); pectoral finrays 12-13 (11). Gillrakers 3 + 1 + 8 (rarely 7), total 12 (rarely 11). AO 6 (5-7) + 6 (5-7, rarely 8), total 12 (11, rarely 13). Size: 50 mm (max.).
Lepidophanes guentheri (Goode and Bean, 1896), Günther’s lanternfish
Diagnosis: dorsal finrays 14 (13-15); anal finrays 14 (13-15, rarely 16); pectoral finrays 13 (12-14, rarely 11). Gillrakers 4 + 1 + 9 (rarely 8 or 10), total 14 (rarely 13 or 15). AO 6 (5-7) + 6 (5-7, rarely 4), total 12 (11-13, rarely 14). Size: to 78 mm.
Similar Species: None.
Craddock, J.E. and K.E. Hartel. 2002. Myctophidae. Lanternfishes. Pp 944-951. In The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Volume 2: Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae). K.E. Carpenter (ed.). FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes and American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 5. Rome, Italy. pp. 601-1374.
Marine Species Identification Portal. Accessed at: http://species-identification.org/index.php.