|Family||Scientific Name||Author||Year||Common Name|
|Gobiidae||Microgobius thalassinus||(Jordan and Gilbert)||1883||Green Goby|
All Microgobis – Pelvic fins completely united to form a round sucking disc. Dorsal fins separated. Body stout. No chevron markings on sides. Upper pectoral-fin rays broadly united. Tongue sometimes slightly indented but not notched. No lobes on shoulder girdle. Body mostly covered with scales. Dorsal fin with seven spines.
Unique Characters: Lateral scale rows 44–54. Scales mostly cycloid. Body without lateral yellow stripes. Dorsal spines slightly to greatly produced in males. Median fins variously spotted. Body without prominent stripes or blotches. Lateral cephalic sensory canal (just behind orbits) with two pores. Large males with only slightly produced dorsal spines. Gape strongly inclined.
Seminole Goby Microgobius carri. Lateral scale rows 50–62. Scales mostly ctenoid. Body with golden lateral stripe from nape through caudal fin (lost in preservation). Dorsal spines elongated in larger specimens; no black spots on median fins.
Clown Goby Microgobius gulosus. Lateral scale rows 44–54. Scales mostly cycloid. Body without lateral yellow stripes. Dorsal spines slightly to greatly produced in males. Median fins variously spotted. Body with large dark blotches. Lateral cephalic sensory canal with three pores. Large males with dorsal spines 2–5 produced. Gape moderately inclined.
Reference: Ross, S.W., and F.C. Rohde. 2004. The gobioid fishes of North Carolina (Pisces: Gobioidei). Bulletin of Marine Science 74:287-323.