|Family||Scientific Name||Author||Year||Common Name|
|Serranidae||Pronotogrammus martinicensis||(Guichenot)||1868||Roughtongue Bass|
Unique Characters: Dorsal fin with 10 spines and 13-16 rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 6-13 rays. Pectoral-fin rays 16-18. Most of upper edge of operculum free, not connected by skin to body. Caudal fin deeply forked. Head larger, its length contained 2.3-3.3 times in standard length. Preopercle without a large antrorse spine; middle opercle spine not reaching edge of operculum. Front nostrils variously shaped, but always closer to rear nostrils than to upper lip. Supramaxilla absent. Teeth fixed (not depressible). No scaly flap of skin joining upper part of pectoral-fin base to body. Soft dorsal and anal fins mostly naked (hence the rays are easy to count). Preopercle not expanded posteriorly, the serrae at the angle only slightly enlarged. Upper jaw moderately protrusile; jaw teeth distinct; vomer and palatines with teeth. Body depth 27-48% standard length. Posterior process of premaxilla broad and near tip of alveolar ramus. Scales 35-41 in lateral line. Total gill rakers 34-44. Branched caudal-fin rays 13. Maxilla and most or all of interorbital area naked. Maxilla scaly. Vomerine tooth patch elongated posteriorly; large oval patch of teeth on tongue.
Similar Species: None.