Suggested References for the Identification of North Carolina Freshwater Fishes
Bugas, P.E., Jr., C.D. Hilling, V. Kells, M.J. Pinder, D.A. Wheaton, and D.J. Orth. 2019. Field guide to freshwater fishes of Virginia. John Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, MD. 195pp.
Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN. 681p.
Jenkins, R.E. unpublished. Workshop on suckers. Handout. Duke Power Company, Huntersville, NC. November 02, 1995. 11pp.
Jenkins, R.E., and N.M. Burkhead. 1994. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda, MD. 1080p.
Menhinick, E.F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission, Raleigh, NC. 227p.
North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission Webpages
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr. 2011. Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Second edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, New York, NY. 663p.
Rohde, F.C., R.G. Arndt, J.W. Foltz, and J.M. Quattro. 2009. Freshwater fishes of South Carolina. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC. 430p.
Rohde, F.C., R.G. Arndt, D.G. Lindquist, and J.F. Parnell. 1994. Freshwater fishes of the Carolinas, Virginia, Maryland and Delaware. University of North Carolina Press. Chapel Hill, NC. 222p.
Ross, S.W., and F.C. Rohde. 2004. The gobioid fishes of North Carolina (Pisces: Gobioidei). Bulletin of Marine Science 74:287-323.
Starnes, W.C. unpublished. Procne and friends …. Or aid for identification of five similar and sympatric shiners in the Cape Fear River basin, NC: Spottail Shiner (Notropis hudsonius), Swallowtail Shiner (N. procne), Cape Fear Shiner (N. mekistocholas), Coastal Shiner (N. petersoni) and Whitemouth Shiner (N. alborus). Revised March 31, 2006. North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, Raleigh, NC. 1pp.
Starnes, W.C. unpublished. Aid to identification of Highfin Shiner (Notropis altipinnis) versus Dusky Shiner (Notropis cummingsae). July 3, 2006. North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, Raleigh, NC. 2pp.
Starnes, W.C. unpublished. Aid to identification of Chubsuckers, Erimyzon spp., in North Carolina. December 29, 2006. North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, Raleigh, NC. 3pp.