Update on the Fourspine Stickleback, Apeltes quadracus (Family Gasterosteidae), in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team How did this fish, the smallest member of the Stickleback family, get here? And when? As written in our previous blog on sticklebacks (https://ncfishes.com/is-north-carolina-too-far-south-for-sticklebacks/), Dr. Hugh M. Smith, U.S. Commissioner of Fisheries, in 1907 made no mention of Fourspine Stickleback (Figure 1) in the Albemarle or Pamlico sounds (Smith 1907). In … Read more

Is North Carolina Too Far South for Sticklebacks?

By the NCFishes.comTeam In eastern North America, the family Gasterosteidae, known as sticklebacks, is a small family of five species commonly found in shallow brackish inlets, calm, heavily vegetated marshes and estuaries, tidal creeks, lagoons, and in the nearshore and offshore open ocean (Kells and Carpenter 2014; Rohde et al. 1994). Along the Atlantic coast, … Read more

Update to the “Minnow” Species (Families Cyprinidae, Xenocyprididae, and Leuciscidae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team The recognition by ichthyologists of Koi , Cyprinus rubrofuscus, as a separate species from Common Carp, Cyprinus carpio, its distribution across North Carolina, and the posting of the blog on Koi (https://ncfishes.com/koi-cyprinus-rubrofuscus-lacepede-in-north-carolina/) necessitated an update to the Identification Key to the Barbs and Carps, Asian Carps, and Minnows (Families Cyprinidae, Leuciscidae, … Read more

Update to the American Sole (Family Achiridae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team On May 10, 2021, we posted a blog on the American Sole (Family Achiridae) diversity in North Carolina (https://ncfishes.com/american-sole-family-achiridae-diversity-in-north-carolina/). Since then, we re-examined all of the material from North Carolina and South Carolina at the North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences and discovered that all vouchered specimens of Lined Sole, … Read more

Koi, Cyprinus rubrofuscus Lacepède, in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team Common Carp, Cyprinus carpio (Figure 1), has swum in North Carolina’s waters since 1879 (Smith 1907). A long-held belief was that ornamental Koi (Figure 2) was merely a much-varied color morph of Common Carp. However, during post-processing of a photograph taken by the NCFishes team, we discovered that Koi are now … Read more

Recent Publications on the Freshwater Fishes of North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team Two new identification keys to the freshwater fishes of North Carolina have been recently published by the North American Native Fishes Association (http://www.nanfa.org/) in their journal American Currents: Tracy, B.H., S.A. Smith, J.L. Bissette, and F.C. Rohde. 2021. Ahead by a whisker: freshwater catfish (Family Ictaluridae) diversity in North Carolina. American … Read more

A Summary of the Freshwater Fishes of North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team This is the last blog in the series focusing on the freshwater fishes of North Carolina, which was launched on June 17, 2020 (https://ncfishes.com/identification-of-north-carolina-freshwater-fishes/). In some respects, this last blog should have been the first, but learning about fishes is never along a straight stream, unless it is in a channelized … Read more

Anchovy (Family Engraulidae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team Engraulidae is a small family comprising six species in North Carolina (Table 1). Their common name, anchovy, is possibly from the Spanish word anchova, but the term’s ultimate origin is unclear (https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/anchovy, accessed December 18, 2020). North Carolina’s anchovies range in size from about 100 mm Total Length for Bay Anchovy … Read more

Needlefish (Family Belonidae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team The waters along and off the coast are where you will find all five species within the Family Belonidae known from North Carolina (Table 1). One of the five species, Atlantic Needlefish, is also found upstream in the lower Piedmont (more about that later). Because of their superficial resemblance to the … Read more

Monospecific Families of Freshwater Fishes with no Saltwater Relatives Found in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team There are 12 families of predominantly freshwater fishes that are monospecific (having only one species) in North Carolina (Table 1; Tracy et al. 2020). [Please note: Tracy et al. (2020) may be downloaded for free at: https://trace.tennessee.edu/sfcproceedings/vol1/iss60/1.] The Family Xenocyprididae (the single species of Grass Carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella) was previously discussed … Read more