American Sole (Family Achiridae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team Along North Carolina’s shore there are three families of flatfish comprising five or six species having eyes on the right side of their body facing upward when lying in or atop the substrate (NCFishes.com; Tracy et al. 2020; Table 1; Figure 1). Please note: Tracy et al. (2020) may be downloaded … Read more

Mullet (Family Mugilidae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team North Carolina is home to three species of mullets: Mountain Mullet, Dajaus monticola, Striped Mullet, Mugil cephalus, and White Mullet, Mugil curema (Tracy et al. 2020; NCFishes.com). [Please note: Tracy et al. (2020) may be downloaded for free at: https://trace.tennessee.edu/sfcproceedings/vol1/iss60/1.] The family name, Mugilidae, is derived from the Latin, mugil, meaning … Read more

New World Silverside (Family Atherinopsidae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team Atherinopsidae is a small family comprising six species in North Carolina (Table 1). The common name, silversides, refers to a distinct silver stripe on the side, which often reflects sunlight like a mirror when these fishes turn near the water surface (Rohde et al. 2009). Silversides are generally delicate, slender, laterally … Read more

Goby (Family Gobiidae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team What exactly are gobies? To a freshwater-centric ichthyologist, gobies look like the marine equivalent of our freshwater darters (Family Percidae, https://ncfishes.com/freshwater-fishes-of-north-carolina/). In fact one of the species is named Darter Goby, Ctenogobius boleosoma, because of its resemblance to Tessellated Darter, Etheostoma olmstedi. But to the more widely learned and marine-centric  ichthyologists, … Read more

Trout and Salmon (Family Salmonidae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team There are four species of trout and salmon in North Carolina (Table 1; NCFishes.com; Tracy et al. 2020). [Please note: Tracy et al. (2020) may be downloaded for free at: https://trace.tennessee.edu/sfcproceedings/vol1/iss60/1.] Unlike most fish species found in North Carolina’s waters, the Family Salmonidae are known collectively and commonly as just trout. … Read more

Cichlid (Family Cichlidae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team The Family Cichlidae, known collectively as cichlids, is a very diverse (about 1600 species) family of fishes indigenous to tropical and subtropical fresh and brackish waters of Mexico, Central and South America, the West Indies, Africa, the Middle East, and the Indian subcontinent. Only one species, the Ro Grande Cichlid, Herichthys … Read more

Sturgeon (Family Acipenseridae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team Three of our largest freshwater fishes are found in our coastal waters, rivers, and estuaries and even in our largest mountain river. These three species are: Shortnose Sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum, Lake Sturgeon, A. fulvescens, and Atlantic Sturgeon, A. oxyrinchus  (NCFishes.com; Tracy et al. 2020). [Please note: Tracy et al. (2020) may … Read more

Darter and Perch (Family Percidae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team Our native species of darters and perches are just as brightly colored as many fishes one would find in a pet shop, yet few people are aware of their existence. There are 38 species of darters and perches in North Carolina (Table 1), including several species found in only one river … Read more

Livebearer (Family Poeciliidae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team North Carolina is home to four species of livebearers (Table 1) (Tracy et al. 2020). [Please note: Tracy et al. (2020) may be downloaded for free at: https://trace.tennessee.edu/sfcproceedings/vol1/iss60/1.] The common name of the family – Livebearers – stems from the fact that a female gives birth to live young, rather than … Read more

Pygmy Sunfish (Family Elassomatidae) Diversity in North Carolina

By the NCFishes.com Team North Carolina is home to 3 of the 7 species of Elassoma known to occur in North America: Carolina Pygmy Sunfish, Elassoma boehlkei, Everglades Pygmy Sunfish, Elassoma evergladei, and Banded Pygmy Sunfish, Elassoma zonatum (Gilbert 2004; Snelson 2009; Tracy et al. 2020). [Please note: Tracy et al. (2020) may be downloaded … Read more